TODAY July 5 – Sunni’s History Notes

Holidays and observances

  • Bikini Day
  • Bloody Thursday (International Longshore and Warehouse Union)
  • X-Day (Church of the SubGenius)
  • Constitution Day (Armenia)
  • Independence Day, celebrating the independence of Algeria from France in 1962.
  • Independence Day, celebrating the independence of Cape Verde from Portugal in 1975.
  • Independence Day, celebrating the independence of Venezuela from Spain in 1811.
  • Saints Cyril and Methodius Day (Czech Republic, Slovakia)
  • Tynwald Day, if July 5 is on a weekend, the holiday is the following Monday. (Isle of Man)
  • Emancipation Day, celebrating the emancipation of enslaved Africans in New York City in 1827.
  • Poplifugia (Ancient Rome)

328 – The official opening of Constantine’s Bridge built over the Danube between Sucidava (Corabia, Romania) and Oescus (Gigen, Bulgaria) by the Roman architect Theophilus Patricius

465 – Birth of Ahkal Mo’ Naab’ I, Mayan ruler (d. 524)

649 – St. Martin I begins his reign as Catholic Pope

767 – Duke of Nepi names his brother (leek) Pope Constantine II

967 – Death of Emperor Murakami of Japan (b. 926)

1029 – Birth of Al-Mustansir Billah, Egyptian Caliph (d. 1094)

1294 – Pietro del Murrone elected as Pope Coelestinus V

1295 – Scotland and France form an alliance, the so-called “Auld Alliance”, against England.

1547 – Birth of Garzia de’ Medici, Tuscan son of Cosimo I de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1562)

1586 – Birth of Thomas Hooker, English-American settler, founded the Colony of Connecticut (d. 1647)

1610 – John Guy sets sail from Bristol with 39 other colonists for Newfoundland.

1643 –First recorded tornado in U.S. (Essex County, Massachusetts)

1675 – Birth of Mary Walcott, American witness at the Salem witch trials (d. 1719)

1687 – Isaac Newton’s Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica published by Royal Society in England.

1791 – Jose Maria Narvaez discovers Point Grey (now Vancouver BC)

1794 – Birth of Sylvester Graham, American activist (d. 1851) developed graham cracker

1810 –

English: Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Ci...

English: Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus train in Safety Harbor, Florida, (U.S.) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Birth of P. T. (Phineas Taylor) Barnum, American businessman, co-founded Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus (d. 1891) Bethel Conn

1811 – Venezuela became the first South American country to declare independence from Spain.

1814 – Americans defeat British and Canadians. U.S. troops under Jacob Brown defeated a superior British force at Chippewa, Ontario, Canada.

1830 – France invades Algeria, begins a 40 year conquest. The French occupied the North African city of Algiers.

1832 – HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin depart Rio de Janeiro

1832 – The German government began curtailing freedom of the press after German Democrats advocate a revolt against Austrian rule.

1833 – Admiral Charles Napier vanquishes the navy of the Portuguese usurper Dom Miguel at the third Battle of Cape St. Vincent.

1833 – Death of Nicéphore Niépce, French inventor, created the first known photograph (b. 1765)

1834 – Provisional government forms in Oregon Country

1839 – British naval forces bombarded Dingai on Zhoushan Island in China and then occupied it.

1841 – Birth of William Collins Whitney, American financier and politician, 31st United States Secretary of the Navy (d. 1904)

1841 – Thomas Cook opens first travel agency

1843 – Committee of 9 appointed to establish civil government in Oregon Country

1859 – Captain N. C. Brooks discovers Midway Islands

1860 – Birth of Robert Bacon, American colonel and politician, 39th United States Secretary of State (d. 1919)

1863 – U.S. Federal troops occupied Vicksburg, MS, and distributed supplies to the citizens.

1865 – Secret Service began operating under the Treasury Department

1865 – William Booth founded the Salvation Army in London.

1867 – Birth of Andrew Ellicott Douglass, Dendrochronologer, study of tree rings

1868 – Birth of William H Singer, U.S. painter/collector, Singer Museum, Laren

1871 – Trial against Kiowa chief Satanta (White Bear) and Big Tree, begins

1878 – Birth of Joseph Holbrooke, English pianist/conductor/composer

1879 – Birth of Dwight F. (Filley) Davis, American tennis player and politician, 49th United States Secretary of War (d. 1945) donated tennis’ Davis Cup

1880 – Birth of Jan Kubelík, Czech violinist and composer (d. 1940)

1884 – Death of Victor Massé, French composer (b. 1822)

Jean Cocteau

Jean Cocteau

1889 – Birth of Jean Cocteau, French author, poet, and playwright (d. 1963)

1891 – Birth of John Howard Northrop, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1987) biochemist, crystallized enzymes, Nobel 1946

1891 – Hail kills 6 horses in Rapid City, SD

1892 – Andrew Beard was issued a patent for the rotary engine.

1904 – Birth of Don Goddard, born in Binghamton, New York, news anchor, ABC Evening News 1958-59

1912 – Birth of Mack David, American songwriter (d. 1993)

1913 – Birth of Smiley Lewis, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1966) I Hear You Knockin’

1914 – Germany offers Austria war aid to fight against Russia in Serbia

1916 – Adelina and August Van Buren started on the first successful transcontinental motorcycle tour to be attempted by two women. They started in New York City and arrived in San Diego, CA, on September 12, 1916.

1920 – Death of Max Klinger, German painter and sculptor (b. 1857)

1929 – Birth of Katherine Helmond, born in Galveston, Texas, actress, Soap, Mona-Who’s the Boss

1929 – Birth of Mary Maxwell Gates, philanthropist/mother of Bill Gates

1929 – WOWO-AM, Indiana returns to air, 1 day after transmitter burns down

1930 – Birth of Tommy Cook, Duluth, Minnesota, actor, Missile to the Moon

1933 – Birth of Terence Cooper, born in Northern Ireland, actor, Casino Royale

1934 – “Bloody Thursday” – Police open fire on striking longshoremen in San Francisco.

1935 – President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the National Labor Relations Act, which allowed labor to organize for the purpose of collective bargaining.

1936 – 120 degrees F (49 degrees C), Gannvalley, South Dakota (state record)

1937 – 117 degrees F (47 degrees C), Medicine Lake, Montana (state record)

1937 – Joe DiMaggio’sFirst grand slammer

1937 – Spam, the luncheon meat, is introduced into the market by the Hormel Foods Corporation.

1940 – Birth of Chuck Close, American painter and photographer

1941 – World War II: Operation Barbarossa: German troops reach the Dnieper River.

1942 – Ian Fleming graduates from a training school for spies in Canada

1943 – Birth of Robbie Robertson, Canadian singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, and actor (The Band)

1944 – Harry Crosby takes first rocket airplane, MX-324, for maiden flight

1946 – The bikini bathing suit, created by Louis Reard, made its debut during a fashion show at the Molitor Pool in Paris. Micheline Bernardini wore the two-piece outfit.

El primer bikini (París, 1946)

El primer bikini (París, 1946) (Photo credit: Recuerdos de Pandora)

1948 – Birth of Julie Nixon Eisenhower, Washington D.C., daughter of Richard Milhaus

1948 – Britain’s National Health Service Act went into effect, providing government-financed medical and dental care.

1948 – Death of Carole Landis, U.S. actress (1 Million BC, Topper Returns), at 29

1948 – Death of Charles Fillmore, born in St. Cloud, Minnesota, mystic, co-founder, Unity, a New Thought movement church, created metaphysical interpretations of the Bible, promoted idea that God is good, God is available, God is in you, wrote, ‘The Twelve Powers of Man’

1950 – Birth of Huey Lewis, American singer-songwriter and actor (Huey Lewis and the News and Clover) born in New York City, vocalist, & the News-Need a New Drug

1950 – Birth of Michael Monarch, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer (Steppenwolf, Detective, and World Classic Rockers)

1950 – U.S. forces engaged the North Koreans for the first time at Osan, South Korea.

1950 – Zionism: The Knesset passes the Law of Return which grants all Jews the right to immigrate to Israel.

1951 – Dr. William Shockley announced that he had invented the junction transistor.

1953 – WANorth Carolina TV channel 21 in Asheville, North Carolina (IND) begins broadcasting

1954 – B-52A bomber made its maiden flight

1954 – Elvis Presley’s first commercial recording session took place in Memphis, TN. He recorded “That’s All Right (Mama)” and “Blue Moon of Kentucky.”

1954 – The BBC broadcasts its first television news bulletin.

1955 – Birth of Joseph S. Pulver, American author.

1955 – Birth of Peter McNamara, Australian tennis player and coach

1956 – Birth of Terry Chimes, English drummer (The Clash, Generation X, Hanoi Rocks, and Cowboys International)

1958 – Birth of Patsy Pease, born in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, actress, Kimberly-Days of Our Lives

1958 – Ray Charles’ performance at the Newport Jazz Festival was recorded for a live album.

1959 – Birth of Marc Cohn, American singer-songwriter and keyboard player, Walking in Memphis

1962 – Algeria became independent after 132 years of French rule.

1963 – Birth of Alma Alexander, American author.

1963 – Birth of Edie Falco, American Actress

1963 –First Beatle tune to hit U.S. charts, Del Shannon “From Me to You” at #87

1966 – New York City transit fare rises from 15 cents to 20 cents

1966 – Saturn I rocket launched at Cape Kennedy

1968 – Bill Graham opened The Fillmore West in San Francisco, CA.

1968 – Birth of Ken Akamatsu, Japanese illustrator

1968 – John Lennon sells his psychedelic painted Rolls-Royce

John Lennon and his Rolls Royce.

John Lennon and his Rolls Royce.

1969 – Birth of RZA, American rapper, producer, actor, and director (Wu-Tang Clan and Gravediggaz)

1969 – Death of Walter Gropius, architect/found (Bauhaus school of design), at 86 designed the John F. Kennedy Federal Building and Werkbund Exhibition (b. 1883)

1969 – The Rolling Stones gave a free concert for 250,000 fans in London’s Hyde Park to introduce Mick Taylor as their new guitarist.

1971 – Right to vote: The Twenty-sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution, lowering the voting age from 21 to 18 years, is formally certified by President Richard Nixon.

1973 – “Live and Let Die,” James Bond film premieres

1973 – A BLEVE (Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosion) in Kingman, Arizona, following a fire that broke out as propane was being transferred from a railroad car to a storage tank, kills eleven firefighters.

1975 – Arthur Ashe became the first African-American man to win a Wimbledon singles title as he defeated Jimmy Connors.

1975 – Bad Company’s “Feel Like Making Love” was released.

1975 – The Cape Verde Islands became independent after 500 years of Portuguese rule.

1977 – Birth of Ed Kurtz, American author.

1977 – Military coup in Pakistan: Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan, is overthrown. Pakistan’s army, led by General Mohammad Zia ul-Haq, seizes power

1978 – Soyuz 30 spacecraft touches down in Soviet Kazakhstan

1978 – The EMI record pressing plant in Britain stopped printing the Rolling Stones album cover for “Some Girls” due to complaints from celebrities.

1978 – U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.

1980 – Bauhaus’ farewell concert took place in London.

1982 – Birth of Dave Haywood, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Lady Antebellum)

1982 – Challenger flies to Kennedy Space Center via Ellington AFB, Texas

1984 – The U.S. Supreme Court weakened the 70-year-old “exclusionary rule,” deciding that evidence seized with defective court warrants could be used against defendants in criminal trials.

1985 – 117 degrees F (47 degrees C), St. George, Utah (state rec) (103 degrees spread, UT 1985)

1985 – Birth of Nick O’Malley, English bass player (Arctic Monkeys)

1985 – Nicholas Mark Sanders (England) begins circumnavigation of globe, covering 13,035 road miles in 78 days, 3 hours, 30 minutes

1986 – Nancy Reagan cuts red, white and blue ribbon; reopens Statue of Liberty after it is refurbished

1989 – Iran–Contra affair: Oliver North is sentenced by U.S. District Judge Gerhard A. Gesell to a three-year suspended prison term, two years probation, $150,000 in fines and 1,200 hours community service. His convictions were later overturned.

1989 – Rod Stewart hits his head while on stage and knocks himself out

1989 – South African President Pieter Botha visits ANC leader Nelson Mandela

1990 – Death of Mitch Snyder, homeless advocate, commits suicide by hanging at 46

1991 – Death of Howard Nemerov, American poet (b. 1920), U.S. poet laureate (Pulitzer)

1991 – France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island

1991 – Lillian Cucuzza wins name Florida baseball team contest (Marlins)

1991 – Regulators shut down the Pakistani-managed Bank of Credit and Commerce International (BCCI) in eight countries. The charge was fraud, drug money laundering and illegal infiltration into the U.S. banking system.

1994 – U.S. changes refugee policy, by sending Haitian boat people back

1995 – The Republic of Armenia adopts its constitution, four years after its independence from the Soviet Union.

1995 – The U.S. Justice Department decided not to take antitrust action against Ticketmaster.

1996 – Death of Anne Schumacher Hummert, radio pioneer, at 91

1996 – Dolly the sheep becomes the first mammal cloned from an adult cell.

1998 – Japan joined U.S. and Russia in space exploration with the launching of the Planet-B probe to Mars.

1999 – U.S. President Bill Clinton imposes trade and economic sanctions against the Taliban regime in Afghanistan.

1999 – Wolverhampton, England is hit by storms, including a tornado. The area was hit again with severe storms on August 1.

2000 – 10 Bengal tigers, including 7 rare white tigers, died at the Nandankanan Zoo in India. The tigers died of trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness).

2000 – Euan Blair, the oldest son of British prime minister Tony Blair, was arrested after police found him drunk and lying on the ground in London’s Leicester Square.

2002 – Death of Katy Jurado, Mexican actress (b. 1924)actress, High Noon, at 78

2002 – Jimi Hendrix’s family won an injunction against a New York-based music production company from releasing recordings that Hendrix had performed.

2003 – Death of N!xau, bushman/actor, The Gods Must Be Crazy, at 59

2004 – Death of Syreeta Wright, singer, Don’t You Know With You I’m Born Again, at 58

2005 – Death of Shirley Goodman, American singer (Shirley & Company) (b. 1936)

2006 – Death of Kenneth Lay, American businessman (b. 1942) Enron founder Kenneth Lay, facing decades in prison, died of heart disease at age 64.

2006 – North Korea test-fired seven missiles into the Sea of Japan, including at least one believed capable of reaching the U.S. mainland.  four short-range missiles, one medium-range missile and a long-range Taepodong-2. The long-range Taepodong-2 reportedly failed in mid-air over the Sea of Japan.

2009 – A The worst ethnic violence in decades in China erupted in the far western Xinjiang region. Some 200 people were killed. the series of violent riots break out in Ürümqi, the capital city of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in the People’s Republic of China.

2009 – The largest hoard of Anglo-Saxon gold ever discovered, consisting of more than 1,500 items, is found near the village of Hammerwich, near Lichfield, in Staffordshire, England.

2010 – Israel restricts a blacklist of weapons, construction materials and other items but drops all other restrictions on the free flow of consumer goods into the Gaza strip

2011 – A jury in Orlando, Fla., found Casey Anthony, 25, not guilty of murder, manslaughter and child abuse in the 2008 disappearance and death of her 2-year-old daughter, Caylee.

2011 – A large dust storm strikes Phoenix, Arizona, leaving thousands without power and grounding flights at the Phoenix Airport

2011 – Venezuelans celebrate 200 years of independence from Spain with a military parade and parties in the streets

2012 – At a meeting of the International Whaling Commission in Panama City, South Korea announces it’s plans to begin ‘scientific’ whaling of minke whales

2012 – Europe’s tallest, habitable, free-standing structure, The Shard, which stands at 1,016 feet (309.6 metres) officially opens in London, England

2012 – The Shard in London is inaugurated as the tallest building in Europe, with a height of 310 metres (1,020 ft).

2013 – A joint report on Spain’s banking system is released by the European Central Bank and the European Commission; the report indicates their system is solvent, with no further program disbursements are needed

2013 – In Rome, Pope John Paul II and Pope John XXIII are canonized by the Vatican, becoming saints

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