Holidays and observances
- Chocolate Day
- Tell the Truth Day
- Global Forgiveness Day
- Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Solomon Islands from the United Kingdom in 1978.
- Ivan Kupala Day (Belarus, Poland, Russia, Ukraine)
- Saba Saba Day (Tanzania)
- Tanabata (Japan)
1053 – Birth of Emperor Shirakawa of Japan (d. 1129)
1124 – Tyrus surrenders to Crusaders
1129 – Death of Shirakawa, emperor of Japan (1072-86)/budhist monk, at 76
1304 – Death of Pope Benedict XI (b. 1240) Niccolo Boccasini, Pope (1303-04), [poisoned]
1307 – Death of Edward I of England (b. 1239) King of England (1272-1307), at 68
1456 – A retrial verdict acquits Joan of Arc of heresy 25 years after her death.
1498 – Emperor Maximilian I establishes choir of Imperial Chapel
1520 – Spanish conquistadores defeat a larger Aztec army at the Battle of Otumba.
1534 – European colonization of the Americas: first known exchange between Europeans and natives of the Gulf of St. Lawrence in New Brunswick.
1543 – French troops invade Luxembourg.
1550 – Chocolate introduced
1573 – Death of Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola, Italian architect, designed the Church of the Gesu and Villa Farnese (b. 1507)
1585 – King Henri III and Duke De Guise signs Treaty of Nemours: French Huguenots lose all freedoms
1585 – The Treaty of Nemours abolishes tolerance to Protestants in France.
1607 – “God Save the King” is first sung
1647 – Death of Thomas Hooker, clergyman, father of American democracy English minister, founded the Colony of Connecticut (b. 1586)
1647 – People’s uprising against high prices and Spanish rule in Naples
1656 – Birth of Guru Har Krishan, Indian eighth of the eleven Sikh Gurus (d. 1664)
1656 – Death of Michelangelo Rossi, Italian opera composer, buried at about 55
1668 – Isaac Newton receives MA from Trinity College, Cambridge
1690 – Birth of Johann Tobias Krebs, composer
1701 – Death of William Stoughton, American judge and politician, Governor of the Province of Massachusetts Bay (b. 1631)
1713 – First performance of Georg F Handel’s “To Deum” and “Jubilate”
1752 – Birth of Joseph Marie Jacquard, French merchant, invented the Jacquard loom (d. 1834)
1753 – English parliament grants Jewish English citizenship
1754 – Kings College opened in New York City. It was renamed Columbia College 30 years later.
1768 – Firm of Johann Buddenbrook founded, in Thomas Mann’s novel
1771 – Death of Thomas Gray, English poet (Elegy), at 54
1798 – Quasi-War: the U.S. Congress rescinds treaties with France sparking the “war”.
1799 – Death of William Curtis, English botanist (Botanical Magazine), at 53
1802 – First comic book “The Wasp,” is published
1807 – Napoleonic Wars: the Peace of Tilsit between France, Prussia and Russia ends the War of the Fourth Coalition.
1813 – Birth of William Scott Ketchum, Major General Union Army
1834 – In New York City, four nights of rioting against abolitionists began.
1838 – Central American federation is dissolved
1846 – Birth of Heinrich Rosenthal, Estonian nationalist leader, doctor and author (d. 1916)
1846 – U.S. annexation of California was proclaimed at Monterey after the surrender of a Mexican garrison.
1848 – Birth of Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves, Brazilian politician, 5th President of Brazil (d. 1919)
1850 – Scottish explorer Edward Eyre reaches Albany, W-Australia
1854 – Birth of William Chambers Morrow, American author. (d. 1923)
1862 – Land Grant Act endows state colleges with federal land
1862 – The first railroad post office was tested on the Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad in Missouri.
1863 – Orders barring Jews from serving under U.S. Grant are revoked
1863 – United States begins its first military draft; exemptions cost $300.
1865 – Four people were hanged in Washington, D.C., after being convicted of conspiring with John Wilkes Booth to assassinate President Abraham Lincoln.
1875 – Jesse James robs train in Otterville, Missouri
1880 – Birth of Otto Frederick Rohwedder, American engineer, invented sliced bread (d. 1960)
1884 – Birth of Lion Feuchtwanger, German playwright (d. 1958)
1890 – Death of Henri Nestlé, German businessman, founded Nestlé (b. 1814)
1891 – Travelers checks patents
1898 – U.S. President William McKinley signs the Newlands Resolution annexing Hawaii as a territory of the United States.
1902 – Birth of James McCartney, father of Beatle, Paul McCartney
1903 – Birth of Ralph Tarrant, English super-centenarian (d. 2013)
1905 – 127 degrees F (53 degrees C), Parker Ariz (state record)
1906 – Birth of Anna Marie Hahn, German-American serial killer (d. 1938)
1907 – Birth of Robert A. Heinlein, American author (d. 1988) sci-fi author, 4 Hugos, Red Planet
1907 – Florenz Ziegfeld, Jr. staged his first Follies on the roof of the New York Theater in New York City.
1911 – The United States, Great Britain, Japan, and Russia sign the North Pacific Fur Seal Convention of 1911 banning open-water seal hunting, the first international treaty to address wildlife preservation issues.
1913 – Birth of Pinetop Perkins, American singer and pianist (d. 2011)
1915 – An International Railway trolley with an extreme overload of 157 passengers crashes near Queenston, Ontario, killing 15.
1915 – Birth of Margaret Walker, American author and poet (d. 1998)
1915 – Militia officer Henry Pedris executed by firing squad at Colombo, Ceylon – an act widely regarded as a miscarriage of justice by the British colonial authorities.
1919 – Birth of Jon Pertwee, English actor (d. 1996) Dr. Who, Worzel Gummidge
1920 – A device known as the radio compass was used for the first time on a U.S. Navy airplane near Norfolk, VA.
1922 – Birth of Pierre Cardin, Paris, France, fashion designer, Unisex
1923 – University of Delaware invents “junior year abroad” (at Sorbonne)
1927 – Birth of Doc Severinsen, American trumpet player
1928 – Sliced bread is sold for the first time (on the inventor’s 48th birthday) by the Chillicothe Baking Company of Chillicothe, Missouri.
1930 – Construction began on Boulder Dam, later Hoover Dam, on the Colorado River.
1930 – Death of Arthur Conan Doyle, British writer (Sherlock Holmes), at 71
1931 – Birth of David Eddings, American author (d. 2009) sci-fi author, Belgariad, Malloreon
1932 – Birth of Joe Zawinul, Austrian-American keyboard player and composer (Weather Report) (d. 2007)
1932 – Birth of Ted Cassidy, actor, Lurch-Addams Family
1934 – Birth of Vinko Globokar, born in Anderny, France, composer, trombonist, experimental musician, avante-garde style
1940 – Birth of Dick Armey, born in Cando, North Dakota, Representative-R-Texas 1985 – 2003
1940 – Birth of Ringo Starr, English singer-songwriter, drummer, and actor (The Beatles, Ringo Starr & His All-Starr Band, and Plastic Ono Band)
1941 – Birth of Jim Rodford, English bass player (The Kinks, The Swinging Blue Jeans, The Zombies, The Kast Off Kinks, and Argent)
1943 – Birth of Joel Siegel, American journalist and critic (d. 2007) in Los Angeles, California, American film critic, television journalist
1946 – Birth of Joe Spano, born in San Francisco, California, actor, Henry Goldblume-Hill St. Blues
1946 – Howard Hughes nearly dies when his XF-11 reconnaissance aircraft prototype crashes in a Beverly Hills neighborhood.
1946 – Mother Frances Xavier Cabrini was canonized as the first American saint.
1947 – Birth of David Hodo, American singer and actor (Village People)
1947 – Birth of Howard Rheingold, American author and critic
1947 – Birth of Rob Townsend, English drummer (Family, The Blues Band, The Manfreds, and Axis Point)
1948 – 6 female reservists become First women sworn into regular U.S. Navy
1948 – Birth of Fred Brown, NBAer, Seattle SuperSonic
1949 – “Dragnet” premieres on NBC radio; also a TV series in 1951 and 1967
1949 – Birth of Larry “Rhino” Rheinhardt, rock guitarist, Iron Butterfly
1949 – Birth of Shelley Duvall, American actress and producer, born in Houston, Texas, actress, Popeye, Faery Tale Theater
1949 – Death of Bunk Johnson, American trumpet player (b. 1879)
1950 – The U.N. Security Council authorized military aid for South Korea.
1952 – The ocean liner SS United States passes Bishop Rock on her maiden voyage, breaking the transatlantic speed record to become the fastest passenger ship in the world.
1953 – Birth of Lynval Golding, rocker, Fun Boy Three
1954 – Birth of Corbin Bernsen, born in North Hollywood, California, actor, LA Law
1954 – Birth of Robert M. Price, American author
1954 – Elvis Presley made his radio debut when Memphis, Tenn., station WHBQ played his first recording for Sun Records, “That’s All Right.” Memphis D.J. Dewey Phillips of WHBQ became the first D.J. to play an Elvis Presley record.
1956 – 7 Army trucks loaded with dynamite explode in middle of Cali, Columbia killing 1,100-1,200, destroying 2,000 buildings
1956 – Johnny Cash made his first appearance on “Grand Ole Opry.”
1956 – The Platters’ “My Prayer” was released.
1958 – Birth of Michael Marx, born in Portland, Oregon, U.S. fencer-epee, Olympic-84, 88, 92, 96
1958 – President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed the Alaska statehood bill.
1958 – William Shea outlines plans for a $12M stadium at Flushing Meadows New York
1959 – Birth of Bill Campbell, born in Chicago, Illinois, actor, Rocketeer
1959 – Birth of Jessica Hahn, American model and actress
1959 – Venus occults the star Regulus. This rare event is used to determine the diameter of Venus and the structure of the Venusian atmosphere.
1962 – U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1965 – Birth of John Leonard, born in Australia, poet, editor of poetry journal, ‘Overland’, ‘Unlove’, ‘Braided Lands’, ‘Jesus in Kashmir’
1965 – Otis Redding records “Respect”
1967 – Beatles’ “All You Need is Love” is released
1967 – Death of Vivien Leigh, Indian-English actress and singer (b. 1913 Scarlet ‘Gone with the Wind’, at 53)
1967 – Doors’ “Light My Fire” hits #1
1967 – The Monkees opened a national tour with Jimi Hendrix as the opening act.
1968 – Birth of Jeff VanderMeer, American author and editor.
1968 – The Yardbirds disbanded.
1969 – Canada’s House of Commons gave final approval to a measure that made the French language equal to English throughout the national government.
1969 – Der Spiegel reveals Munich’s Bishop Defregger is a war criminal
1970 – Death of Allen Lane [Williams], English publisher (Penguin Books), at 67
1970 – Death of Louise Harrison, mother of Beatle George
1971 – Bjorn Ulvaeus and Agnetha Faltskog of Abba were married.
1972 – First women FBI members sworn in (Susan Lynn Roley and Joanne E Pierce)
1973 – 78 drown as flash flood sweeps a bus into a river, India
1973 – First all – U.S. women’s Wimbledon, Billie Jean King beats Chris Evert
1975 – Keith Richards was charged with possession of an offensive weapon and reckless driving in Arkansas. He was arrested.
1975 – TV soap opera “Ryan’s Hope” premieres
1976 – Viking 2 goes into orbit around Mars
1977 – 12,000 police occupy university in Mexico City
1977 – Styx released the album “The Grand Illusion.”
1978 – The Solomon Islands becomes independent from the United Kingdom
1979 – U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1980 – Birth of Michelle Kwan, born in Torrance, California, professional figure skater, won nine U.S. championships, five World Championships, two Olympic medals
1980 – Institution of sharia in Iran.
1980 – Jim King completes riding Miracle Strip Roller coaster 368 hours
1980 – The original lineup of Led Zeppelin gave its final show.
1981 – First solar-powered aircraft, Solar Challenger, crosses English Channel
1981 – President Reagan announced he was nominating Arizona Judge Sandra Day O’Connor to become the first female justice on the United States Supreme Court.
1982 – Steve Scott of U.S. runs mile in a record 3:47.69
1983 – Eleven-year-old Samantha Smith of Manchester, Maine, left for a visit to the Soviet Union at the personal invitation of Soviet leader Yuri V. Andropov.
1984 – 5 die in a train crash in Williston, Vermont
1984 – The song “Relax,” by Frankie Goes To Hollywood, became the biggest selling single of all time in Britain.
1986 – IBM-PC DOS Version 3.2 (updated) released
1986 – It is reported Boy George is being treated for heroin addiction
1987 – Kiwanis Clubs end men-only tradition, vote to admit women
1987 – Lt. Col. Oliver North began his public testimony at the Iran-Contra hearing, telling Congress that he had “never carried out a single act, not one” without authorization.
1988 – Birth of Ilan Rubin, American drummer (Angels & Airwaves, Nine Inch Nails, Lostprophets, Denver Harbor, and Fenix TX)
1988 – Soviet Union launches Phobos 1 to probe Martian moon (unsuccessful)
1988 – U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1990 – Martina Navratilova won a record ninth women’s singles title at Wimbledon.
1991 – Yugoslav Wars: the Brioni Agreement ends the ten-day independence war in Slovenia against the rest of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
1993 – Mia Zapata (Gits) was found strangled in Seattle at the age of 27.
1993 – Prodigy announces it will offer Cox newspapers
1993 – Red Tom Browning decides to watch his team play at Wrigley Field from the roof of a building across Sheffield Ave, he is fined $500
1994 – “Les Miserables,” opens at Imperial Theatre, Tokyo
1995 – Space shuttle STS-71, Atlantis 14, lands
1996 – Space Shuttle STS-78, Columbia 20, lands
1997 – The Turkish Armed Forces withdraw from northern Iraq after assisting the Kurdistan Democratic Party in the Iraqi Kurdish Civil War.
1997 – Tower Minnesota temps dip to 24 degrees F
1998 – A jury in Santa Monica, CA, convicted Mikail Markhasev of murdering Ennis Cosby, Bill Cosby’s only son, during a roadside robbery.
1998 – Michael Jackson and his financial partner Don Barden announced their intentions to build an entertainment Neverneverland called “Majestic Kingdom” in Detroit.
1999 – Coolio was sentenced to 10 days in jail, 40 hours of community service and two years probation after he pled guilty to a charge of illegal gun possession.
1999 – In Sierra Leone, President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah and rebel leader Foday Sankoh signed a pact to end the nation’s civil war.
2000 – Amazon.com announced that they had sold almost 400,000 copies of “Harry Potter and The Goblet of Fire,” making it the biggest selling book in e-tailing history.
2000 – Bobby Brown was released from a Florida jail after serving 26 days for violating probation. The probation stemmed from a 1996 drunk driving incident in Hollywood, FL.
2000 – Cisco Systems Inc. announced that it would buy Netiverse Inc. for $210 million in stock. It was the 13th time Cisco had purchased a company in 2000.
2002 – A scandal breaks out in the United Kingdom when news reports accuse MI6 of sheltering Abu Qatada, the supposed European Al-Qaeda leader.
2003 – A federal judge approved a settlement fining WorldCom $750 million for its $11 billion accounting scandal.
2003 – In Liberia, a team of U.S. military experts arrived at the U.S. embassy compound to assess whether to deploy troops as part of a peacekeeping force in the country.
2003 – NASA Opportunity rover, MER-B or Mars Exploration Rover – B, was launched into space aboard a Delta II rocket.
2004 – Death of Jeff Smith, cookbook writer, The Frugal Gourmet, at 65
2005 – Terrorist bombings in three Underground stations and a double-decker bus killed 52 victims and four suicide bombers in the worst attack on London since World War II.
2006 – Death of John Money, New Zealand-American psychologist and author (b. 1921)
2006 – Death of Syd Barrett, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (Pink Floyd and Stars) (b. 1946)
2007 – Live Earth took place. The 24-hour, 7-continent series of concerts featured more than 100 music artists.
2010 – A heat wave in the U.S. and Canada kills 9 people
2011 – In China, a fire in a coal mine in Shandong Province leaves at least 36 people trapped underground
2012 – At least 172 people are killed in a flash flood in the Krasnodar Krai region of Russia.
2012 – The brother of Columbian author Gabriel Garcia Marquez, 1982 Nobel Prize of Literature recipient, announces he suffers from Dementia and can no longer write
2013 – A call for demonstrations is held by opponents of deposed President Mohamed Morsi in Egypt
2013 – A De Havilland Otter air taxi crashes in Soldotna, Alaska, killing ten people.