Holidays and observances
- SCUD Day – stands for Savor the Comic, Unplug the Drama Day, and encourages those of us whose lives might have a touch too much drama to step back, relax, and enjoy the funnier side of life. Relaxation and humor are good for your physical and mental wellbeing, so turn the drama down a notch and enjoy a good laugh instead.
810 – Death of Pepin of Italy (b. 773) son of Charlemagne, King of Italy
901 – Death of Grimbald, French-English monk and saint (b. 827)
951 – Paris is founded
975 – Death of Edgar the Peaceful, English king (b. 943) King of England (959-75)
1099 – First Crusade: Fifteen thousand starving Christian soldiers march in a religious procession around Jerusalem as its Muslim defenders look on.
1153 – Death of Eugene III, Bernardo, Italian Pope (1145-53)
1153 – Death of Pope Eugene III (b. 1087)
1249 – Death of Alexander II, king of Scotland (1215-49), at 51
1273 – Death of Anno von Sangershausen, Grand Master of the Teutonic Order (b. unknown)
1496 – Death of Benedetto Bonfiglio, Italian painter
1497 – Vasco da Gama departs for trip to India
1531 – Death of Tilman Riemenschneider, German sculptor, at 71
1538 – Death of Diego de Almagro, Spanish explorer (b. 1475)Spanish conquistador (Chile/Peru), at about 63
1545 – Birth of Don Carlos, son of Spanish king Philip II
1579 – Our Lady of Kazan, a holy icon of the Russian Orthodox Church, is discovered underground in the city of Kazan, Tatarstan.
1608 – The first French settlement at Quebec was established by Samuel de Champlain.
1621 – Birth of Jean de La Fontaine, French poet (d. 1695)
1623 – Death of Pope Gregory XV (b. 1554) Alessandro Ludovisi, bishop of Bologna/Pope, at 69
1654 – First Jewish colonist arrive in U.S. (Jacob Barsimson in Manhattan)
1663 – Charles II of England grants John Clarke a Royal charter to Rhode Island.
1693 – New York City authorizes First police uniforms in American colonies
1695 – Death of Christiaan Huygens, Dutch mathematician, astronomer, and physicist (b. 1629)
1709 – Great Northern War: Battle of Poltava – Peter I of Russia defeats Charles XII of Sweden at Poltava thus effectively ending Sweden’s role as a major power in Europe.
1721 – Death of Elihu Yale, American-English merchant and philanthropist (b. 1649)
1730 – An estimated magnitude 8.7 earthquake causes a tsunami that damages more than 1,000 km (620 mi) of Chile’s coastline.
1755 – Britain broke off diplomatic relations with France as their disputes in the New World intensified.
1758 – French forces hold Fort Carillon against the British at Ticonderoga, New York.
1760 – French and Indian War: Battle of Restigouche – British forces defeat French forces in last naval battle in New France.
1775 – The Olive Branch Petition is signed by the Continental Congress of the Thirteen Colonies.
1776 – Col. John Nixon gave the first public reading of the Declaration of Independence to a crowd gathered at Independence Square in Philadelphia.
1777 – Vermont becomes First state abolishing slavery, adopts male suffrage
1778 – George Washington headquarters at West Point for his Continental Army
1792 – France declares war on Prussia
1794 – French troops captured Brussels, Belgium.
1795 – Kent County Free School changed its name to Washington College. It was the first college to be named after U.S. President George Washington. The school was established by an act of the Maryland Assembly in 1723.
1796 – U.S. State Department issues First American passport
1797 – First U.S. senator, William Blount of Tennessee, expelled by impeachment
1800 – Dr. Benjamin Waterhouse gives First cowpox vaccination to his son to prevent smallpox
1808 – Joseph Bonaparte approves the Bayonne Statute, a royal charter intended as the basis for his rule as king of Spain.
1815 – Louis XVIII returned to Paris after the defeat of Napoleon.
1816 – Frost in Waltham, Massachusetts
1819 – Birth of Francis Leopold McClintock, Irish admiral and explorer (d. 1907)
1822 – Chippewas turn over a huge tract of land in Ontario to the United Kingdom.
1822 – Death of Percy Bysshe Shelley, English poet (b. 1792) Death of Percy Bysshe Shelley, English poet (Prometheus unbound), drowns at 29
1826 – Death of Luther Martin, American politician (b. 1748)
1831 – Birth of John Pemberton, American chemist, invented Coca-Cola (d. 1888)
1835 – Liberty Bell cracks, again
1836 – HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin reach Saint-Helena
1838 – Birth of Ferdinand von Zeppelin, German general and businessman, founded the Zeppelin Airship Company (d. 1917)
1839 – Birth of John D. Rockefeller, American businessman and philanthropist, founded the Standard Oil Company (d. 1937)
1844 – Birth of Mary Johnson Lincoln, educator, Boston Cooking School
1849 – St. Paul’s Place in the Bronx named
1853 – An expedition led by Commodore Matthew Perry arrived in Yedo Bay, Japan, on a mission to seek diplomatic and trade relations with the Japanese.
1865 – C.E. Barnes patented the machine gun.
1869 – Birth of William V Moody, U.S. poet, Death of Eve, Faith Healer
1870 – Congress authorizes registration of trademarks
1870 – Governor Holden of North Carolina declares Casswell County in a state of insurrection
1873 – Death of Franz Xaver Winterhalter, German painter (b. 1805)
1874 – The Mounties begin their March West.
1876 – White supremacists kill five Black Republicans in Hamburg, South Carolina. killing 5
1879 – Sailing ship USS Jeannette departs San Francisco carrying an ill-fated expedition to the North Pole. It was the first ship to use electric lights.
1881 – Edward Berner, druggist in Two Rivers, WI, poured chocolate syrup on ice cream in a dish. To this time chocolate syrup had only been used for making ice-cream sodas.
1882 – Birth of Percy Grainger, Australian-American pianist and composer (d. 1961)
1885 – Birth of Ann Jemima Flower, oldest resident of Netherlands
1885 – Birth of Hugo Boss, German fashion designer (d. 1948)
1889 – Birth of Eugene Pallette, born in Winfield, Kansas, actor, Adv of Robin Hood, Mark of Zorro
1889 – John L. Sullivan defeated Jake Kilrain, in the last championship bare-knuckle fight. The fight lasted 75 rounds.
1889 – The first issue of The Wall Street Journal is published.
1891 – 61 degrees F, highest temp for July 1891, in Baltimore and Philadelphia
1892 – American Psychological Association organized, Worcester, Massacgysetts
1892 – St. John’s, Newfoundland, Canada is devastated in the Great Fire of 1892.
1895 – Birth of Anton G J van de Velde, Flemish writer and director, God and the Worms
1898 – Birth of Alec Waugh, London, novelist, Island in the Sun, brother of Evelyn
1898 – The death of crime boss Soapy Smith, killed in the Shootout on Juneau Wharf, releases Skagway, Alaska from his iron grip.
1900 – Birth of George Antheil, American pianist, composer, and author (d. 1959) Trenton, New Jersey, composer, Airplane Sonata
1905 – Birth of Leonid Amalrik, Russian animator and director (d. 1997)
1905 – Death of Walter Kittredge, American violinist and composer (b. 1834)
1905 – Part of Angel Island allocated for Immigration Detention Center
1906 – Birth of Philip Johnson, American architect, designed the IDS Center and PPG Place (d. 2005)
1907 – Birth of George W. Romney, American businessman and politician, 43rd Governor of Michigan (d. 1995) U.S. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, 1969 – 1973
1908 – Birth of Nelson Rockefeller, American politician, 41st Vice President of the United States (d. 1979)
1909 – Birth of Petar Segedin, Croatian novelist, Holy Devil
1910 – Birth of Govan AM Mbeki, South African leader, ANC/SACP
1911 – Nan Aspinwall is First woman to make solo transcontinental trip by horse
1913 – Birth of Walter Kerr, New York drama critic, Sad Clowns
1915 – Birth of Charles Hard Townes, born in Greenville, South Carolina, physicist, developed lasers
1917 – Birth of Glenn Langan, born in Denver, Colorado, actor, Amazing Colossal Man, Margie
1917 – Birth of J. F. Powers, American author (d. 1999)
1918 – Birth of Craig Stevens, American actor (d. 2000) born in Liberty, Missouri, actor, Craig-Dallas, Peter Gunn
1919 – President Woodrow Wilson received a tumultuous welcome in New York City after his return from the Versailles Peace Conference in France.
1923 – Harding becomes First sitting president to visit Alaska (Metlakahtla)
1929 – Birth of Shirley Ann Grau, American author, Keepers of the House
1931 – Birth of Louis W. Ballard, born in Cherokee, Quapaw, Native American composer, author, artist, wrote ‘Incident at Wounded Knee’
1932 – Death of Florenz Ziegfeld, U.S. theatre producer (Ziegfeld Follies)
1932 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average reaches its lowest level of the Great Depression, closing at 41.22.
1933 – Public Works Administration becomes effective
1934 – Birth of Marty Feldman, English actor and screenwriter (d. 1982) born in London, England, comedian, Young Frankenstein
1935 – Birth of Steve Lawrence, American singer and actor (Steve and Eydie) born in Brooklyn, singer and actor, Go Away Little Girl, Lonely Guy
1935 – Birth of Vitali Ivanovich Sevastiyanov, U.S.S.R., cosmonaut, Soyuz 9, 18B
1937 – Turkey, Iran, Iraq and Afghanistan sign the Treaty of Saadabad.
1939 – Death of Havelock Ellis, English physician (b. 1859) English sexologist (Man and Woman), at 80
1941 – All Jews living in Baltic States are obligated to wear a Jewish Star
1942 – Birth of Chuck Negron, born in Bronx, New York, rock vocalist, 3 Dog Night-Joy to the World
1942 – Birth of Janice Pennington, American model and actress, co-founded the Hollywood Film Festival born in Kansas, playmate, May 1971, model, Price is Right
1943 – Birth of Faye Wattleton, born in St. Louis, Missouri, sociologist/president, Planned Parenthood
1943 – British air raid sinks U-232
1944 – Birth of Jai Johanny Johanson, American drummer (The Allman Brothers Band)
1944 – Birth of Jeffrey Tambor, born in San Francisco, California, actor, Jeffrey-Ropers, Larry Sanders
1944 – Japanese kamakize attacks on U.S. lines at Saipan
1946 – Birth of Mort Castle, American author and editor.
1946 – Death of Aleksander V Aleksandrov, Russian composer and conductor, at 63
1947 – Demolition work began in New York City for the new permanent headquarters of the United Nations.
1947 – Reports are broadcast that a UFO crash landed in Roswell, New Mexico in what became known as the Roswell UFO incident.
1948 – 500th anniversary Russian orthodox church celebrated in Moscow
1948 – The United States Air Force accepts its first female recruits into a program called Women in the Air Force (WAF).
1949 – Birth of Wolfgang Puck, Austrian chef and actor
1950 – 33.4 cm rain fall at York, Nebraska (state record)
1950 – General Douglas MacArthur was named commander-in-chief of United Nations forces in Korea.
1950 – Leroy Deans awarded First Order of Purple Heart in Korea
1951 – Birth of Anjelica Huston, American actress, born in Los Angeles, California, actress, Prizzi’s Honor, Alien
1951 – Birth of Ned Sublette, born in Lubbock, Texas, composer, musician, musicologist, producer, guitarist, studied classical guitar with Emilio Pujol, composition with Kenneth Gaburo, Cuban music scholar, known for mixing country-western, afro-Caribbean salsa, cumbia, rumba music styles
1957 – Death of William Cadbury, chocolate maker, at 89
1958 – Birth of Carlos Cavazo, rocker, Quiet Riot-We’re Not Gonna Take It
1958 – Birth of Kevin Bacon, American actor born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, actor, Diner, Footloose
1958 – The first gold record album was presented by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA). The award went to the soundtrack “Oklahoma!”
1959 – Death of Dale Buisand and Chester Ovnand, First Americans killed in Vietnam War
1960 – Birth of Jeff Stork, born in Longview, Washington, volleyball setter, Olympics-G-88,B-92, 96
1960 – The Soviet Union charged Gary Powers with espionage. He was shot down in a U-2 spy plane.
1961 – Birth of Andrew Fletcher, English keyboard player (Depeche Mode)
1961 – Birth of Graham Jones, rock guitarist, Haircut 100
1961 – Birth of Toby Keith, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, and actor born in Clinton, Oklahoma, country singer, hit singles include, ‘Should’ve Been a Cowboy’, ‘How Do You Like Me Now?’, toured with the USO
1962 – Birth of Rob Burnett, born in North Caldwell, New Jersey, head writer, David Letterman
1962 – Death of Georges Bataille, French philosopher (b. 1897)
1963 – All Cuban-owned assets in the United States were frozen. U.S. bans all monetary transactions with Cuba
1966 – Birth of Mike Nawrocki, American voice actor, animator, producer, and screenwriter, co-founded Big Idea Entertainment
1968 – Birth of Billy Crudup, born in Manhattan, New York, actor, appeared in film, ‘Dedication’, ‘Watchmen’, ‘Public Enemies’, ‘Almost Famous’, ‘Big Fish’
1968 – Birth of Darren Davis, founder Bluewater Comics.
1969 – Birth of George Fisher, American musician (Cannibal Corpse)
1969 – Marianne Faithfull took an overdose of barbiturates on the set of the movie “Ned Kely.”
1969 – The U.S. Patent Office issued a patent for the game “Twister.”
1969 – U.S. troop withdrawal begins in Vietnam
1970 – “The Everly Brothers Show” was launched on ABC-TV as a summer series.
1970 – Birth of Beck, American singer-songwriter and producer, born in Los Angeles, California, born Bek David Campbell, guitarist, singer, multi-instrumentalist, popular recordings include ‘Odelay’, ‘Sea Change’
1970 – Richard Nixon delivers a special congressional message enunciating Native American self-determination as official US Indian policy, leading to the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act of 1975.
1971 – U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1972 – U.S. sells grain to U.S.S.R. for $750 million
1973 – Birth of Kathleen Robertson, actress, Beverly Hills 90210
1973 – Death of Gene L. Coon, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1924)
1974 – U.S.S.R. performs underground nuclear test
1975 – President Ford announced he’ll seek Republican nomination for president
1975 – Quake damages over 2,000 temples in Pagan Burma, 20-foot-high seated Buddha of Thandawgya decapitated
1976 – Birth of Christian Jensen, American author.
1977 – Sabra Starr finishes longest recorded belly dance (100 hours)
1978 – Exile’s “Kiss You All Over” was released.
1978 – Pioneer-Venus 2 Multi-probe launched to Venus
1979 – Congo adopts constitution
1979 – Voyager 2 takes First ever photo of Jupiter’s satellite Adrastea (J14)
1981 – France performs nuclear test
1981 – Prime Minister Maurois nationalizes banks/plane/steel industry in France
1981 – Senate confirms Sandra Day O’Conner to Supreme Court (99-0)
1981 – The Solar Challenger became the first solar-powered airplane to cross the English Channel.
1982 – “7 Brides for 7 Brothers” opens at Alvin Theater New York City for 5 performances
1982 – Assassination attempt against Iraqi president Saddam Hussein in Dujail.
1982 – Birth of Pendleton Ward, American animator, screenwriter, and voice actor
1984 – Death of Christine McIntyre, actress (3 Stooges), at 73
1985 – “Playboy” and “Penthouse” magazines went on sale with nude pictures of Madonna.
1985 – Birth of Jamie Cook, English guitarist and songwriter (Arctic Monkeys)
1985 – Death of Phil Foster, American actor (b. 1913) comedian (Frank De Fazio-Laverne and Shirley), at 72
1986 – Farthest thrown object-an “Aerobie” flying ring, 383 m (1,257′)
1986 – Kurt Waldheim was inaugurated as president of Austria despite controversy over his alleged ties to Nazi war crimes.
1986 – NASA establishes Safety, Reliability Maintain and Quality Assurance
1987 – Kitty Dukakis, revealed addiction to amphetamines for 26 years
1988 – Rockers Jonathan “Chico” and Robert DeBarge indicted on drug trafficking
1988 – Stevie Wonder announces he will run for mayor of Detroit in 1992
1988 – The Island Express train travelling from Bangalore to Kanyakumari derails on the Peruman bridge and falls into Ashtamudi Lake, killing 105 passengers and injuring over 200 more.
1989 – U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1990 – 12:34:56 on 7/8/90 (1234567890)
1994 – Death of Dick Sargent, American actor (b. 1930) actor (Darren-Bewitched), of cancer at 64
1994 – Death of Kim Il-sung, North Korean commander and politician, President of North Korea (b. 1912)
1994 – Kim Jong-il begins to assume supreme leadership of North Korea upon the death of his father, Kim Il-sung.
1994 – Preliminary trial rules there is enough evidence to try O. J. Simpson
1994 – Space shuttle STS-65 (Columbia 17), launches
1996 – Death of Amschel Mayor James Rothschild, banker, joined family banking firm N M Rothschild & Sons, chief executive of Rothschild Asset Management dies
1996 – Death of Amschel Rothschild, banker, at 41
1996 – The Spice Girls debut single “Wannabe” was released in Great Britain.
1997 – NATO invited Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic to join the alliance in 1999.
1997 – The Mayo Clinic and the U.S. government warned that the diet-drug combination known as “fen-phen” could cause serious heart and lung damage.
1998 – Birth of Jaden Smith, American actor and rapper
1998 – The Roy Orbison Estate filed a $12 million royalty suit against Sony Music Entertainment Inc.
1998 – Two armed men broke into the home of Foxy Brown. Brown and her mother were both in the apartment but suffered no injuries.
1999 – Death of Pete Conrad, American captain, pilot, and astronaut (b. 1930) third man to walk on the moon, at 69
2002 – Death of William Anthony Swithin Sarjeant, paleontologist/fantasy writer, at 66
2003 – Death of Ladan and Laleh Bijani, Iranian conjoined twins (b. 1974)
2003 – Sudan Airways flight 139 crashes near Port Sudan, killing 116
2004 – Death of Jean Lefebvre, French actor (b. 1922)
2004 – Enron founder and former chairman Kenneth Lay pleaded innocent to charges related to the energy company’s collapse. (He was convicted, but died while the case was on appeal.)
2007 – Boeing launches its newest aircraft, the Boeing 787 Dreamliner
2010 – At least 70 people are killed and 300 wounded in a series of bombings over the three-day Shia pilgrimage to the Musa Kadhim mausoleum in Iraq
2010 – The Solar Impulse completed the first 24-hour flight by a solar powered plane.
2011 – Death of Betty Ford, American wife of Gerald Ford, 40th First Lady of the United States (b. 1918) died in Rancho Mirage, Calif., at age 93.
2011 – Space Shuttle Atlantis takes off to conduct the final mission of the U.S. Space Shuttle program
2011 – U.K. Prime Minister David Cameron announces an inquiry into News of the World, allegedly involved in a phone hacking scandal
2012 – Death of Ernest Borgnine, American actor (b. 1917)
2012 – Death of Lionel Batiste, American singer (Treme Brass Band) (b. 1931)
2012 – Death of Martin Pakledinaz, American costume designer (b. 1953)
2013 – Pope Francis condemns the ‘global indifference’ to the plight of immigrants who have drowned trying to reach Europe; he honors them in a mass held on Lampedusa, the largest island of the Italian Pelagie Islands in the Mediterranean Sea
2013 – The mission of the NASA Curiosity Mars rover begins as it makes way to its destination and drives to Mount Sharp
???? – Birth of Russell Dickerson, American illustrator