TODAY July 9 – Sunni’s History Notes

Holidays and observances

  • Sugar Cookie Day
  • Caprotinia (Roman Empire)
  • Constitution Day (Australia)
  • Constitution Day (Palau)
  • Constitutionalist Revolution Day (São Paulo)
  • Independence Day, celebrates the declaration of independence of the United Provinces of South America by the Congress of Tucumán in 1816. (Argentina)
  • Independence Day (South Sudan)
  • Martyrdom of the Báb (Bahá’í Faith)
  • Nunavut Day (Nunavut)

 

118 – Hadrian, Rome’s new emperor, made his entry into the city.

455 – The Roman military commander Avitus is proclaimed Emperor of the Western Roman Empire.

518 – Death of Anastasius I Dicorus, Byzantine emperor (b. 430)

869 – A magnitude 8.6Ms earthquake and subsequent tsunami strikes the area around Sendai in the northern part of Honshu, Japan.

1357 – Emperor Charles IV assists in laying the foundation stone of Charles Bridge in Prague.

1386 – Death of Leopold III, Duke of Austria (b. 1351) The Old Swiss Confederacy makes great strides in establishing control over its territory by soundly defeating the Archduchy of Austria in the Battle of Sempach.

1401 – Mongol monarch Timur Lenk destroys Baghdad

1536 – French navigator Jacques Cartier returns to Saint-Malo from Canada

1540 – England’s King Henry VIII had his 6-month-old marriage to his fourth wife, Anne of Cleves, annulled.

1572 – Nineteen Catholics hanged for their beliefs in the Dutch town of Gorkum.

1578 – Birth of Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1637) King of Bohemia/Hungary/German Emperor, 1619-37

1595 – Johannes Kepler inscribes geometric solid construction of universe

1654 – Death of Ferdinand IV, King of the Romans (b. 1633)

1677 – Death of Angelus Silesius [Johann Scheffer], German medical/mystic poet

1716 – Death of Joseph Sauveur, French sound engineer, at 63

1737 – Death of Gian Gastone de’ Medici, last Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1671)

1746 – Death of Philip V of Spain (b. 1683), French King of Spain (1700-24, 24-46), at 62

1747 – Death of Giovanni Bononcini, Italian cellist and composer (b. 1670)

1755 – General Edward Braddock was mortally wounded when French and Indian troops ambushed his force of British regulars and colonial militia. He died on July 13.

1764 – Birth of Ann Radcliffe, English author (d. 1823) English Gothic novelist, Italian

1776 – George Washington orders the Declaration of Independence to be read out loud to members of the Continental Army in New York, New York, for the first time.

1792 – S.L. Mitchell of Columbia College in New York City became the first Professor of Agriculture.

1793 – The Act Against Slavery is passed in Upper Canada and the importation of slaves into Lower Canada is prohibited.

1795 – James Swan pays off the $2,024,899 U.S. national debt

1797 – Death of Edmund Burke, Irish-English philosopher and politician (b. 1729) British author/parliament leader (Reflections), at 68

1800 – Birth of Friedrich Gustav Jakob Henle, German physician, pathologist, and anatomist (d. 1885)

1800 – Mount Vernon Gardens becomes site of first summer theater in U.S.

1802 – Birth of Thomas Davenport, invented first coml electric motor

1807 – The Treaties of Tilsit are signed by Napoleon I of France and Alexander I of Russia.

1808 – The leather-splitting machine was patented by Samuel Parker.

1810 – Napoleon annexes the Kingdom of Holland as part of the First French Empire.

1811 – Explorer David Thompson posts a sign at the confluence of the Columbia and Snake Rivers (in modern Washington state, US), claiming the land for the United Kingdom.

1815 – First natural gas well in U.S. is discovered

1816 – Argentina declares independence from Spain.

1819 – Birth of Elias Howe, American inventor, invented the sewing machine (d. 1867)

1825 – Birth of Jules Oppert, German Assyriologist, decodes characters

1831 – Birth of Johan P van der Kellen, Dutch stamp cutter/lithographer/writer

1835 – St. Etienne-Lyons railway opens in France

1842 – Notary Stamp Law passes

1846 – Captain Montgomery claims Yerba Buena, San Francisco, for U.S.

1847 – A 10-hour work day was established for workers in the state of New Hampshire.

1850 – Death of Sajjid Ali Mohammed Báb, Persian religious leader, founded Bábism (b. 1819) Baha’i prophet, executed in Tabriz Iran

1850 – Death of Zachary Taylor, American general and politician, 12th President of the United States (b. 1784) 12th President (1849-50), in White House at 65. Millard Fillmore succeeds him as 13th President of the United States.

1852 – Fire destroys 1,100 construction sites in Montreal Canada and no one dies

1853 – Admiral Perry and U.S. Navy visit Japan

1856 – Birth of Daniel Guggenheim, U.S., Guggenheim Museum (d. 1930)

1858 – Birth of Franz Boas, German-American anthropologist (d. 1942) anthropologist/linguist, Mind of Primitive Man

1860 – Temperature hits 115 degrees F in Ft. Scott and 112 degrees F in Topeka Kansas

1863 – American Civil War: The Siege of Port Hudson ends.

1864 –Franz Muller, becomes first murderer on a British train. Muller was a German tailor who was hanged for the murder of Thomas Briggs, the first killing on a British train. The case caught the imagination of the public due to increasing safety fears about rail travel at the time, and the pursuit of Müller across the Atlantic Ocean to New York by Scotland Yard.

1867 – Birth of Georges Lecomte, French author and playwright (d. 1958)

1868 – First black cabinet member in South Carolina (Francis L Cardozo-sect of state)

1868 – The 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified. The amendment was designed to grant citizenship to and protect the civil liberties of recently freed slaves. It did this by prohibiting states from denying or abridging the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States, depriving any person of his life, liberty, or property without due process of law, or denying to any person within their jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

1872 – The doughnut cutter was patented by John F. Blondel.

1876 – Black landowner murdered in Hamburg, South Carolina

1877 – First Wimbledon tennis championship is held

1877 – Alexander Graham Bell, Gardiner Greene Hubbard, Thomas Sanders and Thomas Watson formed the Bell Telephone Company.

1878 – An improved corncob pipe patents by Henry Tibbe, Washington, Mo

1878 – Birth of H V Kaltenborn, born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, newscaster, Who Said That?

1893 – Dr. Daniel Hale Williams performs first successful open heart surgery without anesthesia

1896 – William Jennings Bryan caused a sensation at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago with his “cross of gold” speech denouncing supporters of the gold standard. Bryan went on to win the party’s nomination.

1900 – Boxer Rebellion: The Governor of Shanxi province in North China orders the execution of 45 foreign Christian missionaries and local church members, including children.

1900 – The Commonwealth of Australia was established by an act of the British Parliament, uniting the separate colonies under a federal government.

1903 – Future Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin is exiled to Siberia for three years.

1909 – Birth of Basil Wolverton, American author and illustrator (d. 1978)

1911 – Birth of John Archibald Wheeler, American physicist (d. 2008) born in Florida, American theoretical physicist, coined terms black hole, wormhole

1915 – Germany surrenders South West Africa to Union of South Africa

1916 – First cargo submarine to cross Atlantic arrives in U.S. from Germany

1916 – Birth of Edward Heath, English colonel and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 2005)

1917 – Birth of Ted Steele, born in Hartford, Connecticut, orchestra leader, Cavalcade of Stars

1917 – British warship “Vanguard” explodes at Scapa Flow killing 804

1918 – Congress creates Distinguished Service Medal

1918 – Great Train Wreck of 1918: In Nashville, Tennessee, an inbound local train collides with an outbound express killing 101 and injuring 171 people, making it the deadliest rail accident in United States history.

1922 – Johnny Weissmuller swims the 100 meters freestyle in 58.6 seconds breaking the world swimming record and the ‘minute barrier’.

1929 – Birth of Lee Hazelwood, born in Oklahoma, country singer and songwriter, Summer Wine, Jackson

1929 – Birth of Lee Hazlewood, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2007) born in Oklahoma, singer, baritone, songwriter, record producer

1932 – Birth of Donald Rumsfeld, American captain and politician, 13th and 21st United States Secretary of Defense

1932 – Birth of J. P. Getty, US/British oil magnate/billionaire, Getty Oil

1932 – Death of King C. Gillette, American businessman, founded The Gillette Company (b. 1855)

1932 – The state of São Paulo revolts against the Brazilian Federal Government, starting the Constitutionalist Revolution.

1933 – Birth of Oliver Sacks, English-American neurologist and author

1934 – Birth of Michael Graves, American architect, designed the Portland Building and the Humana Building

1934 – SS-Reichs Fuhrer Himmler takes command of German Concentration Camps

1935 – Birth of Mercedes Sosa, Argentinian singer and activist (d. 2009)

1936 – Birth of Floyd Abrams, born in America, attorney, constitutional law expert, argued for famous cases, including the New York Times in the Judith Miller in CIA leak grand jury investigation

1936 – Birth of James Hampton, born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, actor, Bugler Dobbs-F Troop, Teen Wolf

1937 – Birth of David Hockney, born in Bradford, England, artist, Pop Art

1937 – Birth of Richard Roundtree, born in New Rochelle, New York, actor, Getting Even, Shaft

1938 – Birth of Brian Dennehy, born in Connecticut, actor, Check is in the Mail, F/X, Cocoon, Ants

1938 – Birth of Paul Seiko Chihara, born in Seattle Washington, US and Japanese composer

1940 – Birth of Eugene Victor Wolfenstein, American psychoanalyst and theorist (d. 2010)

1942 – Birth of Hermann Burger, born in Burg, Switzerland, writer, essayist, novelist, poet, wrote ‘Tractatus logico-suicidalis’ 1988, advocating suicide

1943 – Birth of John H Casper, Greenville, South Carolina, USAF/astronaut, STS-36, 54, 62, 77

1943 – Birth of Soledad Miranda, Spanish actress (d. 1970)

1943 – World War II: Operation Husky – Allied forces perform an amphibious invasion of Sicily.

1944 – Birth of Glen [Charles] Cook, U.S., sci-fi author, Shadowline, Star’s End

1944 – Birth of Judith M. Brown, Indian-born British historian

1944 – World War II: Battle of Saipan – American forces take Saipan in the Mariana Islands.

1944 – World War II: Battle of Tali-Ihantala – Finland wins the Battle of Tali-Ihantala, the largest battle ever fought in northern Europe. The Red Army withdraws its troops from Ihantala and digs into a defensive position, thus ending the Vyborg–Petrozavodsk Offensive.

1945 – Birth of Dean Koontz, American author

Bon Scott

Bon Scott

1946 – Birth of Bon Scott, Scottish-Australian singer-songwriter (AC/DC, Fraternity, The Valentines, and The Spektors) (d. 1980)

1947 – Birth of Mitch Mitchell, English drummer (The Jimi Hendrix Experience, The Dirty Mac, and The Riot Squad) (d. 2008)

1947 – Birth of O. J. Simpson, American football player and actor

1950 – 13.15″ (33.40 cm) of rainfall, York, Nebraska (state 24-hour record)

1950 – Birth of Gwen Guthrie, American singer-songwriter (d. 1999)

1951 – U.S. President Truman asked Congress to formally end the state of war between the United States and Germany.

1952 – Birth of John Tesh, American pianist, composer, and radio host born in Garden City, New York, New age pianist/TV host, ET

1953 – Birth of Thomas Ligotti, American author

1953 – New York Airways began the first commuter passenger service by helicopter.

1954 – Birth of Debbie Sledge, Philadelphia, vocalist, Sister Sledge-We are Family

1955 – “Rock Around Clock” hits #1 on Top 100 chart

1955 – First black executive on White House staff, E. Frederic Morrow

1955 – Birth of Fred Norris, comedy writer/singer, Howard Stern Show

1955 – Birth of Jimmy Smits, born in Brooklyn, actor, Victor-LA Law, Running Scared, New YorkPD Blue

1955 – Birth of Sergei Vladimirovich Krichevsky, born in Russia, Lt-colonel/cosmonaut

1955 – The Russell–Einstein Manifesto is released by Bertrand Russell in London, England, United Kingdom.

1956 – Birth of Tom Hanks, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter born in Concord, California, actor, Bossom Buddies, Forrest Gump, Philadelphia

1956 – Death of Renee Erdos, Hungarian literary (Leanyalmok [Dream Girl])

1956 – Dick Clark made his debut as host of “Bandstand” on a Philadelphia TV station. The name of the show was changed to “American Bandstand” when it went to ABC-TV.

1957 – Birth of Kelly McGillis, born in Newport Beach, California, actress, Top Gun, Accused, Witness

Marc Almond

Marc Almond

1957 – Birth of Marc Almond, English singer-songwriter (Marc and the Mambas, Soft Cell, and The Immaculate Consumptive)

1957 – Birth of Paul Merton, born in Parsons Green, London, writer, actor, comedian, known for deadpan, dark comedic style, appeared in BBC’s, ‘Have I Got News for You’

1957 – Discovery of element 102 (Nobelium) announced

1958 – Johnny Cash signed with Columbia Records.

1958 – Lituya Bay is hit by a megatsunami. The wave is recorded at 30 to 91 meters high, the largest in recorded history.

1959 – Birth of Jim Kerr, born in Glasgow, Scotland, rock vocalist, Simple Minds

mmm...mmm...good

mmm…mmm…good (Photo credit: Lauren Manning)

1962 – Andy Warhol’s Campbell’s Soup Cans exhibition opens at the Ferus Gallery in Los Angeles.

1962 – The Starfish Prime high-altitude nuclear test is conducted by the United States.

1963 – Birth of Philip Nutman, British author and journalist (d. 2013)

1963 – Federation of Malaysia forms

1964 – Birth of Courtney Love, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress (Hole, Pagan Babies, Sugar Babydoll, and Babes in Toyland)

1965 – Birth of Frank Bello, American bass player (Anthrax and Helmet)

1967 – WRET TV channel 36 in Charlotte, North Carolina (NBC/CBS) begins broadcasting

1971 – Birth of Marc Andreessen, American software developer, co-founded Netscape

1971 – The United States turned over complete responsibility of the Demilitarized Zone to South Vietnamese units.

1972 – Paul McCartney appeared on stage for the first time since 1966 as his group, Wings, opened at Chateauvillon in the south of France.

1974 – Death of Earl Warren, American jurist and politician, 14th Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1891)

1975 – Birth of Jack White, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (The White Stripes, The Raconteurs, The Dead Weather, and The Go)

1976 – Birth of Fred Savage, born in Illinois, actor, Kevin-Wonder Years, Vice Versa

1976 – Uganda asks United Nations to condemn Israeli hostage rescue raid on Entebbe

1977 – Death of Loren C Eiseley, U.S. anthropologist/writer (Animal Secrets), at 69

1977 – Elvis Costello quit his day job as a computer operator at a cosmetic factory.

1978 – “Hello, Dolly!” closes at Lunt-Fontanne Theater New York City after 152 performances

1978 – Nearly 100,000 demonstrators march on Washington D.C. for ERA

1979 – A car bomb destroys a Renault motor car owned by the famed “Nazi hunters” Serge and Beate Klarsfeld at their home in France. A note purportedly from ODESSA claims responsibility.

1979 – Voyager 2 flies past Jupiter

1980 – 7 die in a stampede to see Pope in Brazil

1980 – Walt Disney’s “Fox and The Hound,” released

1981 – Death of Wilhelm H C Tenhaeff, para-psychologist, at 87

Original Donkey Kong game (screen from NES ver...

Original Donkey Kong game (screen from NES version) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

1981 – Donkey Kong, a video game created by Nintendo, is released. The game marks the debut of Nintendo’s future mascot, Mario.

1981 – The Jacksons began a 36 city tour.

1982 – Margaret Thatcher begins her 2nd term as British prime minster

1982 – Pan Am Boeing 727 crashes in Kenner, Louisiana, killing 153

1984 – The album “Ice Cream Castle” was released by The Time.

1985 – Joe Namath signed a five-year pact with ABC-TV to provide commentary for “Monday Night Football”.

1986 – The Parliament of New Zealand passes the Homosexual Law Reform Act legalizing homosexuality in New Zealand.

1987 – 1 million South Koreans demonstrate against Chun Doo Hwan regime

1987 – Birth of Amanda Knox, American convicted, acquitted, and re-convicted of murder

1987 – Oliver North admits to shredding Iran-Contra evidence

1988 – Death of Anthony Holland, AIDS sufferer committed suicide at 60

1990 – Death of Howard Duff, actor (Kramer vs Kramer), at 76 of a heart attack

1991 – South Africa readmitted to Olympics

1991 – U.S. President George Bush presented a National Medal of Art to Roy Acuff.

1992 – Kim Basinger gets 1,959th star on Hollywood’s Walk of Fame

1992 – Space Shuttle STS-50 (Columbia 13) lands

1993 – Death of Will Rogers, Jr., (Rep-D)/actor (Boy from Okla), commits suicide at 81

1993 – The Parliament of Canada passes the Nunavut Act that would legally divide the Northwest Territories based on plebiscite results.

1994 – Soyuz TM-19 lands

1995 – The Grateful Dead gave their last concert with Jerry Garcia at Chicago’s Soldier Field. Garcia died the next month of a heart attack.

1995 – U.S. international postage rates rise to 60 cents per ounce

1996 – Death of Douglas G Chapman, biomathematical statistician, at 76

1996 – Death of Melvin Belli, American lawyer and actor (b. 1907) attorney/actor (Star Trek), at 88

1996 – U.S. Senate approves 90 cents raise to $4.25 minimum wage

1997 – Mike Tyson was banned from the boxing ring and fined $3 million for biting the ear of opponent Evander Holyfield.

1998 – Janet Jackson set a gross revenue record of $875,000 at the MCI Center in Washington, DC. The previous record was set my Yanni on January 31, 1998, with $860,300.

1998 – MTV Networks Europe announced in London the launch of freeform music channel M2 Europe. It was the first TV station to be launched on the internet.

1998 – Robert “Waddy” Wachtel and his wife were arrested for investigation of possessing child pornography, allegedly found on his personal computer.

1998 – Scott Weiland had a bench warrant issued for him when he missed his second court date stemming from drug possession charges.

1999 – Days of student protests begin after Iranian police and hardliners attack a student dormitory at the University of Tehran.

1999 – Mary Chapin Carpenter canceled a concert at Hammons Hall for the Performing Arts in Springfield, MO, at the last minute. She had to fly home to tend to a very sick Golden Retriever.

1999 – The state of Indiana renamed a 25-mile stretch of Interstate Route 65 as “Kenneth Babyface Edmonds Highway.” The same day Babyface donated $50,000 to establish VH1’s Save The Music campaign in the state.

2001 – The Backstreet Boys temporarily stopped their “Black & Blue World Tour 2001.” The tour had to be put on hold because A.J. McLean entered a treatment center for depression and alcohol abuse. The tour resumed on August 24th.

2002 – Death of Laurence M. Janifer, science fiction writer, at 69

2002 – Death of Rod Steiger, American actor (b. 1925)

2004 – Death of Isabel Sanford, American actress (b. 1917) actress, The Jeffersons, at 86

2004 – Death of Paul Klebnikov, American journalist (b. 1963) journalist, Forbes writer murdered in Russia after writing about corruption, at 41

2005 – Danny Way, a daredevil skateboarder, rolled down a large ramp and jumped across the Great Wall of China. He was the first person to clear the wall without motorized aid.

2006 – Death of Milan Williams, American keyboard player and producer (Commodores) (b. 1948)

2010 – Google’s internet content provider license is renewed by China; the company is allowed to continue operating in the country

2011 – Death of Würzel, English guitarist (Motörhead) (b. 1949)

2011 – South Sudan gains independence and secedes from Sudan.

2012 – A temporary fix to the Internet Doomsday virus created by the Federal Bureau of Investigation expires, causing thousands of computer users across the globe to lose Internet access

2012 – President Hugo Chavez, of Venezuela, announces he has recovered from pelvic cancer

2013 – Death of Toshi Seeger, American activist, co-founded the Clearwater Festival (b. 1922)

2013 – Despite concerns that Greece’s government is reforming too slowly, European Commission, the European Central Bank and the IMF gives Greece an additional 6.2 billion euros

2013 – Economist Hazem Al Beblaw is selected as Egypt’s interim Prime Minister

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