Holidays and observances
- Nikola Tesla Day
- Beatles Day (Liverpool and Hamburg)
- Don’t Step on a Bee Day
- Teddy Bear Picnic Day
- Armed Forces Day (Mauritania)
- National Day of Commemoration (Ireland)
- Independence Day, celebrates the independence of the Bahamas from the United Kingdom in 1973
- Silence Day (Followers of Meher Baba)
- Statehood Day (Wyoming)
48 BC – Battle of Dyrrhachium: Julius Caesar barely avoids a catastrophic defeat to Pompey in Macedonia.
138 – Death of Hadrian, Roman emperor (b. 76). Publius A Hadrianus, Roman emperor (117-138) Emperor Hadrian dies after a heart failure at Baiae; he is buried at Rome in the Tomb of Hadrian beside his late wife, Vibia Sabina.
552 – Origin of Armenian calendar
645 – Death of Soga no Iruka, Japanese politician. Isshi Incident: Prince Naka-no-?e and Fujiwara no Kamatari assassinate Soga no Iruka during a coup d’état at the imperial palace.
988 – The Norse King Glun Iarainn recognises Máel Sechnaill II, High King of Ireland, and agrees to pay taxes and accept Brehon Law; the event is considered to be the founding of the city of Dublin.
1040 – Lady Godiva rides naked on horseback to force her husband, the Earl of Mercia, to lower taxes
1086 – Death of Knut IV, the Saint, king of Denmark (1080-86), murdered
1103 – Death of Eric I of Denmark (b. 1060) Erik I Ejegod, the good hearted, King of Denmark (1095-1103)
1212 – The most severe of several early fires of London burns most of the city to the ground.
1419 – Birth of Emperor Go-Hanazono of Japan (d. 1471)
1452 – Birth of James III of Scotland (d. 1488)
1460 – Wars of Roses: Richard of York defeats King Henry VI at Northampton. Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, defeats the king’s Lancastrian forces and takes King Henry VI prisoner in the Battle of Northampton.
1480 – Death of René of Anjou (b. 1410) last heir of house of Anjou
1499 – The Portuguese explorer Nicolau Coelho returns to Lisbon, after discovering the sea route to India as a companion of Vasco da Gama.
1509 – Birth of John Calvin, French pastor and theologian (d. 1564) Protestant religious reformer/theologian
1519 – Zhu Chenhao declares the Ming Dynasty emperor Zhengde a usurper, beginning the Prince of Ning rebellion, and leads his army north in an attempt to capture Nanjing.
1520 – King Charles V and King Henry VIII signs treaty of Calais
1553 – Lady Jane Grey becomes queen of England
1559 – Death of Henry II of France (b. 1519), King of France (1547-59)
1584 – Death of William the Silent, French prince (b. 1533) Willem of Orange, earl of Nassau, at 51. William I of Orange is assassinated in his home in Delft, Holland, by Balthasar Gérard.
1609 – Catholic German monarchy forms Catholic League. The Catholic states in Germany set up a league under the leadership of Maximillian of Bavaria.
1629 – First non-Separatist Congregational Church in U.S. founded (Salem, MA)
1679 – The British crown claimed New Hampshire as a royal colony.
1682 – Birth of Roger Cotes, English mathematician (d. 1716)
1692 – Death of Bridget Bishop, first Salem witch hanged
1746 – Bonnie Prince Charlie flees in disguise to Isle of Skye
1762 – Roubiliacs monument for Handel unveiled at Westminster Abbey
1775 – Horatio Gates, issues order excluding blacks from Continental Army
1776 – The statue of King George III was pulled down in New York City.
1778 – American Revolution: Louis XVI of France declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain.
1792 – Birth of George M. Dallas, American politician, 11th Vice President of the United States (d. 1864) George Mifflin Dallas, D, 11th Vice President, 1845-49
1802 – Birth of Robert Chambers, Scottish geologist and publisher, co-founded Chambers Harrap (d. 1871)
1806 – The Vellore Mutiny is the first instance of a mutiny by Indian sepoys against the British East India Company.
1810 – Emperor Napoleon’s corpse leaves Netherlands for France
1821 – The United States takes possession of its newly bought territory of Florida from Spain.
1830 – Birth of Camille Pissarro, French painter (d. 1903) Danish Antillean/French painter, impressionism
1832 – Birth of Alvan Graham Clark, American astronomer (d. 1897)
1832 – The U.S. President Andrew Jackson vetoes a bill that would re-charter the Second Bank of the United States.
1839 – Birth of Adolphus Busch, German brewer, co-founded Anheuser-Busch (d. 1913)
1847 – Urbain J J Leverrier and John Couch Adams, codiscoverers of Neptune meet for first time at home of John Herschel
1850 – Millard Fillmore is inaugurated as the 13th President of the United States upon the death of President Zachary Taylor, 16 months into his term.
1851 – Death of Louis Daguerre, French photographer and physicist, invented the daguerreotype (b. 1787)
1856 – Birth of Nikola Tesla, Serbian-American physicist and engineer (d. 1943)
1861 – Lincoln writes to Kentucky’s militia and says Union troops will not enter that state
1862 – U.S. begins construction of Central Pacific Railroad
1863 – Death of Clement Clarke Moore, American author and educator (b. 1779) (‘Twas the Night Before Xmas), at 83
1866 – Edison P. Clark patented his indelible pencil.
1871 – Birth of Marcel Proust, French author and critic (d. 1922) Remembrance of Things Past
1873 – French poet Paul Verlaine wounds Arthur Rimbaud with pistol
1875 – Birth of Mary McLeod Bethune, American educator and activist (d. 1955), South Carolina, slave/educator, Bethune-Cookman College
1877 – The then-villa of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico, formally receives its city charter from the Royal Crown of Spain.
1882 – Birth of Ima Hogg, Texas art patron/founder of Houston Symphony
1882 – War of the Pacific: Chile suffers its last military defeat in the Battle of La Concepción when a garrison of 77 men is annihilated by a 1,300-strong Peruvian force, many of them armed with spears.
1886 – Eruption of Tarawera volcano destroys famous pink and white calcium carbonate hot-spring terraces (North Island, New Zealand)
1890 – Wyoming became the 44th state to join the United States.
1892 – Birth of George “Slim” Summerville, U.S. actor, Keystone Cops
1892 – First concrete-paved street built, Bellefountaine, Ohio
1900 – ‘His Master’s Voice’, was registered with the U.S. Patent Office. The logo of the Victor Recording Company, and later, RCA Victor, shows the dog, Nipper, looking into the horn of a gramophone machine.
1903 – Birth of John Wyndham, English author (d. 1969) sci-fi author, Day of the Triffids
1905 – Dutch Queen Wilhelmina opens Technical Hague court
1908 – H Kamerlingh Onnes makes helium liquid (-269 degrees C)
1910 – Death of Johann G Galle, German discoverer of Neptune by telescope
1910 – W.R. Brookins became the first to fly an airplane at an altitude of one mile.
1911 – 105 degrees F (41 degrees C) at North Bridgton, Maine (state record)
1913 – Death Valley, California, hits 134 °F (57 °C), the highest temperature recorded in the United States.
1914 – Birth of Joe Shuster, Canadian-American illustrator (d. 1992)
1917 – Birth of Don Herbert, American television host and producer (d. 2007) born in Waconia, Minnesota, scientist/TV host, Watch Mr. Wizard
1917 – Birth of Reg Smythe, English cartoonist (d. 1998) Andy Capp
1917 – Emma Goldman imprisoned for obstructing draft
1919 – The Treaty of Versailles was hand delivered to the U.S. Senate by President Wilson.
1920 – Birth of David Brinkley, American journalist (d. 2003) born in Wilmington, North Carolina, NBC news anchor, Huntley-Brinkley
1920 – Birth of Owen Chamberlain, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2006) physicist/co-discoverer, antiproton, Nobel-1959
1921 – Belfast’s Bloody Sunday: Sixteen people are killed and 161 houses destroyed during rioting and gun battles in Belfast, Northern Ireland.
1921 – Birth of Eunice Kennedy Shriver, American activist, co-founded the Special Olympics (d. 2009)
1921 – Birth of Harvey Ball, American illustrator, created the Smiley (d. 2001)
1923 – 2-pound hailstones kill 23 and many cattle, Rostov, Russia
1923 – All non-fascist parties dissolved in Italy
1923 – Birth of Earl Hamner, Jr., American screenwriter and producer (Twilight Zone, The Waltons)
1925 – Meher Baba begins his silence of 44 years. His followers observe Silence Day on this date in commemoration.
1925 – Scopes Trial: In Dayton, Tennessee, the so-called “Monkey Trial” begins with John T. Scopes, a young high school science teacher accused of teaching evolution in violation of the Butler Act.
1925 – The official news agency of the Soviet Union, TASS, was established.
1926 – Birth of Fred Gwynne, American actor (d. 1993) Birth of Fred Gwynne, born in New York City, actor, Car 54 Where Are You, Munsters
1926 – Lake Denmark, New Jersey arsenal explodes, kills 21, $75m damage
1927 – Birth of David Dinkins, American politician, 106th Mayor of New York City, first black Mayor-D-NYC, 1990-93
1928 – George Eastman first demonstrated color motion pictures.
1929 – Birth of George Clayton Johnson, American author and screenwriter. (Logan’s Run, Twilight Zone)
1929 – U.S. issues newer, smaller-sized paper currency
1931 – Birth of Julian May, American author, sci-fi author, Golden Torc, Magnificat
1933 – Birth of Jerry Herman, Broadway composer, Hello Dolly
1933 – First police radio system operated, Eastchester Township, New York
1934 – Birth of Jerry Nelson, American “Muppeteer” for Jim Henson’s Muppets and voice actor (d. 2012)
1934 – First sitting U.S. president to visit South America, Franklin D. Roosevelt in Colombia
1936 – 109 degrees F (43 degrees C) Cumberland and Frederick, Maryland (state record)
1936 – 110 degrees F (43 degrees C) at Runyon, New Jersey (state record
1936 – 111 degrees F (44 degrees C) Phoenixville, Pennsylvania (state record)
1936 – 112 degrees F (44 degrees C) at Martinsburg, West Virginia (state record
1936 – Billie Holiday recorded “Billie’s Blues.”
1938 – “Yankee Clipper” completes first passenger flight over Atlantic
1938 – Birth of Paul Andreu, French architect, designed the Osaka Maritime Museum and the National Grand Theater of China
1938 – Howard Hughes sets a new record by completing a 91-hour airplane flight around the world.
1939 – Birth of Lawrence Pressman, born in Kentucky, actor, Man From Atlantis, Hellstrom Chronicle
1940 – Birth of Mills Watson, born in Oakland, California, actor, Harper Valley PTA, BJ and Bear
1940 – World War II: The 114-day Battle of Britain began as Nazi forces began attacking southern England by air. By late October, Britain managed to repel the Luftwaffe, which suffered heavy losses.
1941 – Death of Jelly Roll Morton, American pianist, composer, and bandleader (Red Hot Peppers) (b. 1890)
1942 – Birth of Ronnie James Dio, American singer-songwriter and producer (Rainbow, Black Sabbath, Dio, Heaven & Hell, and Elf) (d. 2010)
1942 – Himmler orders sterilization of all Jewish woman in Ravensbruck Camp
1942 – World War II: An American pilot spots a downed, intact Mitsubishi A6M Zero on Akutan Island (the “Akutan Zero”) that the US Navy uses to learn the aircraft’s flight characteristics.
1943 – Birth of Arthur Ashe, American tennis player (d. 1993), 1968 U.S. Open, 1975 Wimbledon
1945 – Birth of Ron Glass, born in Evansville, Indiana, actor, Harris-Barney Miller, Frank’s Place
1945 – Death of Robert Goddard, Rocket pioneer
1946 – Birth of Sue Lyon, born in Davenport, Iowa, actress, Lolita, Night of the Iguana
1946 – Hungarian hyperinflation sets a record with inflation of 348.46 percent per day, or prices doubling every eleven hours.
1947 – 200 die when train derails and fell into a river in Canton, China
1947 – Birth of Arlo Guthrie, Brooklyn, singer, Alice’s Restaurant, City of New Orleans
1947 – Muhammad Ali Jinnah is recommended as the first Governor-General of Pakistan by the British Prime Minister, Clement Attlee.
1949 – Birth of Dave Smally, rocker, Raspberries
1949 – Birth of Greg Kihn, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Greg Kihn Band) and novelist
1949 – Birth of John Whitehead, American singer-songwriter and producer (McFadden & Whitehead) (d. 2004)
1949 – Birth of Mark Shera, born in Bayonne, New Jersey, actor, SWAT, Barnaby Jones
1949 – Birth of Wally Bryson, born in North Carolina, rock guitarist and vocalist, Fotomaker, Raspberries
1949 – The first practical rectangular television was presented. The picture tube measured 12 by 16 and sold for $12.
1949 – WJAR TV channel 10 in Providence, RI (NBC) begins broadcasting
1950 – “Your Hit Parade” premieres on NBC (later CBS) TV
1950 – Birth of Willie Ford, U.S. R&B-singer, Dramatics-Me and Mrs. Jones
1951 – Armistice talks to end Korean conflict began at Kaesong
1951 – Sugar Ray Robinson was defeated for only the second time in 133 fights as Randy Turpin took the middleweight crown.
1953 – American forces withdraw from Pork Chop Hill in Korea after heavy fighting.
1953 – Birth of Rik Emmett, Canadian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Triumph and Strung-Out Troubadours)
1954 – Birth of Neil Tennant, English singer-songwriter and keyboard player (Pet Shop Boys and Electronic)
1956 – Birth of J. K. Potter, American artist.
1958 – Birth of Béla Fleck, American banjo player and songwriter (Sparrow Quartet, New Grass Revival, Strength in Numbers, and Trio!)
1958 – First parking meter installed in England (625 installed)
1959 – Birth of Sandy West, American musician and drummer (The Runaways) (d. 2006)
1960 – Birth of Seth Godin, American author
1962 – Fred Baldasare swam the English Channel underwater. It was a 42 miles and took 18 hours.
1962 – Martin Luther King, Jr. arrested during demonstration in Georgia
1962 – Telstar, the world’s first communications satellite, is launched into orbit. The satellite relayed TV and telephone signals between Europe and the U.S.
1962 – U.S. performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
1965 – Beatles’ “Beatles’ “VI,” album goes #1 and stays #1 for 6 weeks
1965 – Rolling Stones score their first #1, “I Can’t Get No Satisfaction”
1965 – Wilson Pickett’s “In The Midnight Hour” was released.
1966 – The Chicago Freedom Movement, led by Martin Luther King, Jr., holds a rally at Soldier Field in Chicago, Illinois. As many as 60,000 people come to hear Dr. King as well as Mahalia Jackson, Stevie Wonder, and Peter Paul and Mary.
1966 – U.S. launches Orbiter 1 to the Moon
1967 – New Zealand adopts decimal currency
1967 – Uruguay becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
1968 – Eric Clapton announced that Cream would break up following a farewell tour.
1970 – Birth of Gary LeVox, American singer-songwriter (Rascal Flatts)
1971 – Hassan II of Morocco survives an attempted coup d’état, which lasts until June 11.
1972 – Herd of stampeding elephants kills 24, Chandka Forest India
1972 – Birth of Denise Brown
1973 – Britain granted the Bahamas their independence after three centuries of British colonial rule.
1973 – John Paul Getty III, a grandson of the oil magnate J. Paul Getty, is kidnapped in Rome, Italy.
1973 – National Assembly of Pakistan passes a resolution on the recognition of Bangladesh.
1974 – OPEC ends oil boycott against Netherlands
1975 – Cher filed for divorce from Greg Allman, just ten days after the couple had married.
1975 – The “Gladys Knight & the Pips” summer series premiered on NBC-TV.
1976 – Chemical factory in Milan explodes (dioxane cloud)
1976 – One American and three British mercenaries are executed in Angola following the Luanda Trial.
1978 – Death of John D. Rockefeller III, American businessman and philanthropist, founded the Asia Society (b. 1906)
1978 – World News Tonight premieres on ABC.
1979 – Chuck Berry was sentenced to four months in prison for income tax evasion.
1979 – Death of Arthur Fiedler, American conductor (b. 1894), orchestra leader (Boston Pops), at 84
1980 – Alexandra Palace burns down for a second time.
1980 – Ayatollah Khomeini releases Iran hostage Richard I. Queen
1980 – Birth of Jessica Simpson, born in Abilene, Texas, singer, actress, television personality, starred in reality show, ‘Newlyweds: Nick and Jessica’
1980 – Birth of Thomas Ian Nicholas, actor, Radio Flyer, Rookie of the Year
1981 – CERN achieves first proton-antiproton beam collision (570 GeV)
1981 – U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1982 – Miguel Vasquez makes first public quadruple somersault on trapeze
1982 – Samuel Morses “Gallery of the Louvre” sells for $3,250,000
1985 – Coca-Cola resumed selling the old formula of Coke, it was renamed “Coca-Cola Classic.” It was also announced that they would continue to sell “New” Coke.
1985 – The Greenpeace vessel Rainbow Warrior is bombed and sunk in Auckland harbour by French DGSE agents, killing Fernando Pereira.
1987 – Death of John Hammond, American record producer, critic, and activist (b. 1910) Jazz reviewer (Melody Maker), at 76
1989 – Death of Mel Blanc, American voice actor and singer (b. 1908), cartoon voice (Warner Bros cartoons), at 81
1989 – Paula Ivan runs female world record 1 mile (4:15.61)
1990 – Andrew Dice Clay cries on Arsenio Hall Show
1990 – Mikhail Gorbachev won re-election as the leader of the Soviet Communist Party.
1991 – Boris Yeltsin took the oath of office as the first elected president of the Russian republic.
1991 – Death of Gerome Ragal, author (Hair), of cancer at 48
1991 – The South African cricket team is readmitted into the International Cricket Council following the end of Apartheid.
1991 – U.S. President Bush lifted economic sanctions against South Africa, citing its “profound transformation” toward racial equality.
1992 – In Miami, Florida, the former Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega is sentenced to 40 years in prison for drug and racketeering violations.
1992 – Spaceship Giotto, Halley 1986, approaches comet Grigg-Skjellerup
1997 – In London scientists report the findings of the DNA analysis of a Neanderthal skeleton which supports the “out of Africa theory” of human evolution placing an “African Eve” at 100,000 to 200,000 years ago.
1997 – RJR Nabisco announces it will replace Joe Camel in new ads
1998 – Roman Catholic sex abuse cases: The Diocese of Dallas agrees to pay $23.4 million to nine former altar boys who claimed they were sexually abused by Rudolph Kos, a former priest.
1998 – The U.S. military delivered the remains of Air Force first Lt. Michael Blassie to his family in St. Louis. He had been placed in Arlington Cemetery’s Tomb of the Unknown in 1984. His identity had been confirmed with DNA tests.
1998 – The World Bank approved a $700 million loan to Thailand.
1999 – The heads of six African nations that had troops in the Democratic Republic of the Congo signed a cease-fire agreement that would end the civil war in that nation.
2000 – Diana Ross announced that the “Diana Ross and the Supremes ‘Return to Love’ Tour” had been cancelled by its producers.
2000 – EADS, the world’s second-largest aerospace group is formed by the merger of Aérospatiale-Matra, DASA, and CASA.
2000 – Stephen Hutton filed suit against Kid Rock for “breach of contract and unjust enrichment.” Hutton had been fired several weeks before after a dispute over compensation.
2000 – The David Orgell jewelry store in Beverly Hills, CA, filed a $1.45 million lawsuit against Michael Jackson. The suit was over a diamond-encrusted wristwatch that was returned to the store damaged.
2002 – At a Sotheby’s auction, Peter Paul Rubens’ painting The Massacre of the Innocents is sold for £49.5million (US$76.2 million) to Lord Thomson.
2002 – Dolly Parton launched a 13-city tour. It was her first tour in decades.
2005 – Hurricane Dennis slams into the Florida Panhandle, causing billions of dollars in damage.
2007 – Erden Eruç begins the first solo human-powered circumnavigation of the world.
2010 – Queen Elizabeth II addressed the United Nations for the first time since 1957. It was her first visit to New York in more than 30 years.
2010 – The largest manhunt in U.K. recent history ends when gunman Raoul Moat shoots and kills himself in a 6-hour standoff with police
2011 – Australia’s Prime Minster Julia Gillard introduces details of plan to implement a carbon tax
2011 – In the Volga River near Bolgar, Russia, cruise ship Bulgaria sinks; 110 people drown and 80 are rescued alive
2012 – Death of Berthe Meijer, German-Dutch holocaust survivor and author (b. 1938)
2012 – Hearings are delayed for the U.S. extradition of Megaupload founder Kim Dotcom over concerns about the search and seizure of documents
2013 – Apple Inc., may incur significant damages after a U.S. district court rules the company conspired to fix the prices of eBooks
2013 – Boston Marathon Bombing suspect Dzhokhar Tsarnaev appears for the first time in court since his arrest April 19; he pleads not guilty to 30 charges, including using a weapon of mass destruction
???? – Birth of Manic Exorcism, Russian-American actor and writer.
???? – Birth of Tony DuShane, American journalist.